The study of animal bones from archaeological sites is
called zooarchaeology. At Çatalhöyük, zooarchaeology is
important because the people living in the community were
among the first to domesticate sheep, goats, pigs, and
cattle. The people also hunted many animals for meat,
including wild cattle, bison, wild horses, deer and elk, and
several kinds of birds. Leopards, bulls, and stags were
painted or sculpted as part of the religious art of
Çatalhöyük. Archaeologists know this because at Çatalhöyük
they have identified the bones of these animals.
Interestingly, leopard skins are found worn as clothing in
art but they haven't found leopard bones to support that
people really wore the skins.
Mystery - how were sheep goats and cattle domesticated?